The order will form the second wave of the administrations push to overhaul the shape of the American immigration system, following the release of new memos Tuesday empowering state and local authorities to enforce laws that could eventually lead to mass deportations. This time around, the executive order will not affect green card holders, an issue that caused mass confusion during the first order.
President Trump has directed his administration to enforce immigration laws more aggressively, allowing the federal government to find, arrest and deport those in the country illegally, regardless of whether they have committed serious crimes. Documents released on Tuesday by the Department of Homeland Security revealed the broad scope of the president’s ambitions: to publicize crimes by undocumented immigrants; strip such immigrants of privacy protections; enlist local police officers as enforcers; erect new detention facilities; discourage asylum seekers; and, ultimately, speed up deportations.
The Department of Homeland Security is directed to begin the process of hiring 10,000 immigration and customs agents, expanding the number of detention facilities and creating an office within Immigration and Customs Enforcement to help families of those killed by undocumented immigrants.
The new policies also target unauthorized immigrants who smuggle their children into the country. Under the new directives, such parents could face deportation or prosecution for smuggling or human trafficking. The new memo calls for parole to be used “sparingly” and directs the heads of the three main immigration agencies to issue regulations clarifying when parole can be used. How the immigration agencies will reform parole programs won’t be clear until they release final regulations.
One of the most prevailing elements of Trump’s immigration policies has come with the name of 287(g), named for its corresponding section of immigration law, that allows local law enforcement agencies to sign agreements with immigration agencies to allow local police to act as immigration agents. Those agencies that have signed agreements have gained far-reaching immigration powers, including apprehension, arrest, detention, and even the decision over whether to initiate removal proceedings.